OBBGavinmt at July 5th, 2014
The Yoruba People
The Yoruba is an ethnic group of southwestern Nigeria and southern Benin in West Africa. there are one of the three major ethnic nationalities in Nigeria. The Yorùbá constitute more than 35 million individuals altogether; the dominant part of this populace is from Nigeria and make up 21% of its populace, as indicated by the CIA World Factbook, making them one of the biggest ethnic nationality in Africa. Most of the Yoruba speak the Yoruba dialect which is a tonal Niger-Congo language.
The Yorùbá share borders with the Borgu in Benin; the Nupe and Ebira in central Nigeria; and the Edo, the Ẹsan, and the Afemai in mid-western Nigeria. The Igala and other related groups are found in the northeast, and the Egun, Fon, Ewe and others in the southeast Benin. The Itsekiri who live in the north-west Niger delta are related to the Yoruba but maintain a distinct cultural identity. Significant Yoruba population in West Africa can be found in Ghana, Togo, Ivory Coast, Liberia and Sierra Leone (where they have blended in with the Saro and Sierra Leone Creole people).
The Yoruba diaspora comprises of two primary groupings, one of them incorporates generally late transients, the lion’s share of which moved to the United States and the United Kingdom after major monetary changes in the 1970s; the other is a much more seasoned populace going back to the Atlantic slave exchange. This more seasoned group has branches in such nations as Cuba, Brazil, and Trinidad and Tobago.
The Yoruba Language
Yoruba (èdè Yorùbá) is a Nigerian language spoken in West Africa mainly in Nigeria. The number of speakers of Yoruba was estimated at around 20 million in the 1990s. The native tongue of the Yoruba people is spoken principally in Nigeria and Benin, with communities in other parts of Africa, Europe and the Americas. A variety of the language, Lucumi, is the liturgical language of the Santería religion of the Caribbean. Yoruba is most closely related to the Itsekiri language (spoken in the Niger Delta) and to Igala (spoken in central Nigeria).